Our priorities for Regional Planning
CAPTURING GROWTH WITHIN OUR EXISTING URBANIZED FOOTPRINT
We should capture as much regional growth and development as possible within our existing urban and suburban footprint. This does not mean that we will never pave over another acre of undeveloped land. But to the extent possible, we should capture as much of the future residential, commercial, retail and other uses within developed portions of our cities and towns.
CONCENTRATING DEVELOPMENT IN TRANSIT-RICH NODES
We should plan and organize our region's growth around a series of nodes linked by transit—places where destination activities like work, entertainment, schooling, and shopping are clustered and easy to access for many people. To do so, local planning decisions need to made within the context of regional goals. That will enable development at regionally-accessible nodes to be done to best serve a broad population as well as the general economic and environmental needs of the region.
REDUCING JOB SPRAWL
The proliferation of office parks surrounded by seas of parking, edgeless city shopping malls and disconnected hospitals is part of the sprawling pattern of work that has shaped a fragmented region. Instead, we need to focus job growth within existing communities, particularly in downtowns and along transit corridors. We need to reward local communities for accepting more jobs and housing in the appropriate locations.
USING PRICING AS A TOOL TO ACHIEVE BETTER LAND USE OUTCOMES
Necessary regional land use changes will best happen when there are appropriate changes in pricing, particularly for parking, fuel and roadways. While we recognize that pricing has an indirect affect on land use, it is an essential part of a land use strategy. If we build great transit but provide free or cheap parking, we will not achieve the same reductions in driving if our transit investments are combined with appropriate responses to pricing for parking as well as pricing roadways that are currently free.
Regional Planning projects
ANTI-SPRAWL BILL (SB 375) IMPLEMENTATION
The 2008 state law, SB 375, officially links land use and transportation efforts within statewide climate change rules to reduce overall emissions. This new law provides a new set of tools to more effectively accomplish regional planning. SPUR has organized a task force of transportation and regional planning experts to monitor and influence the implementation of SB 375 at the regional and local level. We will be focused on a number of issues related to SB 375's implementation, including: identifying incentives for infill development, developing new funding sources for infrastructure, ensuring growth within the region's central cities, planning for transit-served employment centers throughout the region, and securing an ambitious Sustainable Communities Strategy and Regional Transportation Plan.
JOB SPRAWL IN THE BAY AREA
SPUR has begun a major project looking at the future of transit-served employment centers in the Bay Area. The new research will look at how to capture a growing share of the region's jobs in transit-served locations in existing downtowns and near BART and Caltrain stations. The report will look at which industries or occupations are most likely to cluster near transit as well as the planning tools to shift more work near rail.
THE NORTHERN CALIFORNIA MEGAREGION
In 2007, SPUR produced a major analysis of the Northern California megaregion. We are continuing this effort through ongoing analysis of trends in the megaregion as well as efforts to convene major civic groups across the megaregion, particularly in the Bay Area and Central Valley.
LOCAL AND STATE FISCAL POLICY
SPUR has a long concern with the relationship between state and local policy. Many observers have noted that the current set of laws create incentives for sprawl, underproduction of housing, and uncoordinated development—while making it next to impossible for cities to raise the funds to provide basic public services. This problem has a long history, which this committee is trying to unravel in order to propose realistic changes that can fix the problem.
REGIONAL TRANSPORTATION PLANNING
The Bay Area consists of hundreds of separate jurisdictions. There is literally no agency with the scope of authority to conduct true regional planning. The Metropolitan Transportation Commission (MTC), allocates funding for transportation investments in the Bay Area. SPUR works closely with MTC to advocate for investments that will make sense for the region. We advocate that MTC use performance criteria to allocate funds, so that the region gets the highest return on investment, and that the highest priority be given to expanding the regional public transit system.
SPUR is a member of ClimatePlan, a statewide coalition of groups seeking to make smart growth and transit-oriented development an important piece of the state's road map for implementing the Global Warming Solutions Act, Assembly bill 32 and Senate bill 375. SPUR has commented on the California Air Resources Board's proposed Scoping Plan for AB 32, proposing a higher carbon dioxide reduction target from smart land use, and calling for more resources for public transit to help meet these targets.
SPUR is a member of Transform (formerly the Transportation and Land Use Coalition), a partnership of over ninety organizations working to preserve the environment and quality of life and ensure that all residents have access to economic opportunities by refocusing public investment to serve and revitalize existing developed areas; designing livable communities with housing near jobs, recreation, transit and services; providing real transportation choices; reforming pricing incentives which promote unsustainable development; and addressing important equity concerns.
CALIFORNIA HIGH-SPEED RAIL
For years, Californians have talked about the dream of a high speed train linking Los Angeles to San Francisco, inspired by experiences of inter-city rail in Europe. In 2008, voters approved a nearly $10 billion bond to fund the initial creation of a statewide high-speed rail system. SPUR is a strong advocate for high speed rail and believes it should be used as an organizing tool for the state's future growth. In particular, we believe high speed rail must follow several planning principles: 1) make this system realistic and affordable by incrementally improving existing rail lines rather than creating a new network from scratch; 2) pay attention to the land use consequences of the rail stations, making sure they reinforce historic town centers rather than stimulating sprawl in the Central Valley.
Regional Planning updates
To get regular updates on regional planning activities, contact SPUR Regional Planning Director Egon Terplan at email@example.com.